Zitkala-Sa photographed by Gertrude Käsebier, c.1900.
Gertrude Simmons Bonnin (1876-1938), better known by her pen name, Zitkala-Sa (Dakota: translates to “Red Bird”), was a Yankton Dakota writer, editor, musician, teacher and political activist. Co-composed the first American Indian opera, The Sun Dance (composed in romantic style based on Ute and Sioux themes), 1913. Founded the National Council of American Indians in 1926.
Gertrude Käsebier (American, 1852–1934) was known for her evocative images of motherhood, her powerful portraits of Native Americans and her promotion of photography as a career for women.