Princess Charlotte of Belgium as a Child (1864). Franz Xaver Winterhalter (German, Neo-Rococo, 1805-1873). Oil on canvas. Musée d’Orsay, Paris.
Carlota of Mexico, born Charlotte of Belgium (1840–1927), empress consort of Emperor Maximilian I of Mexico, the former Archduke of Austria.
In the early 1860s, the ambitious Napoleon III initiated the French intervention in Mexico and placed Maximilian as the figurehead to serve as the nominal emperor of Mexico.