Self-Portrait with Palette (1885-1887). Paul Cézanne (French, 1839–1906). Oil on canvas.
Cézanne opposed many aspects of the Impressionist aesthetic. He declared: “I wanted to make of Impressionism something solid and enduring, like the art in museums.” Believing colour and form to be inseparable, he tried to emphasize structure and solidity in his work, features he thought neglected by Impressionism. For this reason he was a central figure in Post-impressionism.