Meisje aan de Piano (Girl at the Piano), 1879. Jacob Maris (Dutch, 1837–1899). Oil on canvas. Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam.
Maris paints first and draws only afterwards. He applies the paint thickly, builds it up, fiddles around and messes with it-all gradually developing a harmony of colors that establishes the major directions. Only then does he complete his figures with lively, thin brush strokes. But the final touch is done with a master stroke, and in the end the entire work is as solid as the tightest drawing.